The involvement of DJ-1 and β-catenin in glioma cell lines was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. High DJ-1 expression (37.5%) and high β-catenin expression (34.1%) in glioma specimens were significantly associated with high grade and poor prognosis in glioma patients. However, only high levels of DJ-1 (P = 0.014) was a strong
independent prognostic factor, correlated with a reduced overall survival time. In vitro DJ-1 expression was positively correlated with the expression levels of β-catenin and p-Akt, and negatively correlated with PTEN expression in U87, U251 MG, SWO-38 and SHG44 human glioma cell lines. After the knockdown of DJ-1, Akt, p-Akt or β-catenin expression levels were not affected in the
PTEN-null cell lines (U87 and U251 MG). However, in the SWO-38 cell line, which has wild-type PTEN protein, the level of PTEN increased while Akt/p-Akt and β-catenin Aloxistatin solubility dmso levels were reduced. Furthermore, β-catenin staining weakened in SWO-38 cells after DJ-1 levels decreased according to immunocytochemical analysis. In conclusion, DJ-1 and β-catenin may contribute to the development and recurrence of glioma and are valuable prognostic factors for glioma patients. DJ-1 may regulate β-catenin expression via PTEN and p-Akt. “
“Two Japanese families with benign hereditary chorea (BHC) 2 have recently been reported. Astemizole BHC 2 is characterized by adult-onset non-progressive chorea, and by Ceritinib in vitro genetic abnormality in the locus of chromosome 8q21.3-q23.3. This differs from the genetic abnormality previously reported in BHC. Here we report the first autopsied case of a member of one of two known families with BHC 2. A normally developed woman
recognized choreiform movements of her bilateral upper extremities beginning approximately at age 40. The movements had slowly spread to her trunk and lower extremities by approximately age 60. Generalized muscular hypotonia was also observed. The symptoms persisted until her death at the age 83, but had not worsened. Neuropathological examination revealed mild to moderate neuronal loss and astrocytosis in the striatum and decreased volume of cerebral white matter with astrocytosis bilaterally. Additionally, sparse but widely distributed neurofibrillary tangles and argyrophilic threads as well as scattered tufted astrocytes immunoreactive for 4-repeat isoform of tau were observed in the cerebrum, brainstem and cerebellum, showing 4-repeat tauopathy similar to that of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Unique neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions were observed in the oculomotor nuclei; however, any specific immunoreactivities (e.g. ubiquitin and p62) were not detected, suggesting the presence of previously undescribed protein intracellular inclusions.