A 33-year-old alloimmunized woman was referred to our center at the 12th week of her third pregnancy for evaluation and follow up.
The laboratory work-up grouped her as belonging to “p” phenotype, associated with difficulties to find compatible blood for transfusion and a high incidence of recurrent miscarriage. At 36 weeks, a baby girl was born by induced labor due to fetal suffering. With a negative direct antiglobulin test but a positive elution test, she was in the neonatology ward for one week receiving luminotherapy. Homozygosity for a missense mutation Selleck BI-2536 at position 752 (c.752C > T) in the A4GALT gene was found to be responsible for the p phenotype. This mutation changes a proline to a leucine at codon 251 of the 4-alpha-galactosyltransferase. Recently, due to an imminent chirurgical intervention and the impossibility to have compatible blood available for transfusion. an autologous donation plan was designed to satisfy
probable demand. This case showed the need for blood bank facilities capable to respond satisfactorily to these situations in Argentina. This would facilitate the storage of cryopreserved blood from individuals with rare blood groups for homologous use or to develop rare blood donors programs.”
“The encapsulation of therapeutic cells permits the implantation of allogeneic and xenogeneic cells for the regulation of certain physiological processes damaged by the GSK923295 chemical structure death or senescence of host tissues. The encapsulation of pancreatic cells for the treatment of diabetes is emphasized; however, many of the techniques are applicable to a wide array. of mammalian cell applications. The summary of both established and novel encapsulation techniques, clinical trials, and commercial product developments highlights Selleck JQ1 the metered but steady pace of therapeutic cell encapsulation towards implementation. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“For market approval, new drug formulations (test) must demonstrate bioequivalence (BE) to at least one approved formulation (reference). If several formulations of a drug are already on the market, one might have to show
BE to more than one reference formulation. Similarly, if several test formulations have shown BE to a reference formulation, it will be of interest whether the test formulations are bioequivalent to each other. An enhanced statistical model to assess BE indirectly through a network meta-analysis is provided. Statistical properties of a parallel and a bridging approach are derived, in particular the relative statistical efficiency of the two approaches. The analysis is illustrated using individual subject data from two 3×3 crossover trials of metformin formulations, which have one of the formulations in common. The parallel estimate of relative bioavailability is confounded with between-trial differences, while the bridging estimate is not.