Results. Six patients with lateral screw direction after a DVR maneuver required screw removal because of proximity to the aorta. All patients had intraoperative confirmation of adequate screw placement before
introducing the rod and performing derotation.
Conclusions. The biologic limitations of vertebrae are approached as we strive to achieve further correction of the spine. Surgeons’ experience and methods to assess proper screw placement may give a false sense of adequate final implant position after DVR. Vigilance to ensure proper pedicle screw position can avoid potential iatrogenic catastrophes.”
“Study Design. A multicenter prospective cohort study.
Objective. To compare CYT387 order the effect of all pedicle screw versus hybrid constructs on patient self-assessment of appearance after posterior spinal fusion with instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This will contribute to future cost-effective analyses on surgical management of AIS.
Summary of Background Data. For surgical management of AIS, the Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ) and the Scoliosis Research Society outcomes instrument (SRS-30) are
reliable surveys of patient satisfaction, but neither tool has been used to assess outcome by implant type.
Methods. Patients received either all pedicle screws or hybrid instrumentation. Self-assessment of appearance pre- and after surgery was measured by SAQ and SRS-30. Statistical significance was evaluated through P values (P < 0.01 in the SAQ, P < 0.05 in the SRS-30) and effect Selleckchem JQEZ5 sizes.
Results. There were 93 patients in the all
pedicle screw cohort and 61 in the hybrid cohort. There were no significant preoperative differences between the cohorts in the SAQ or SRS-30. All pedicle screw patients tended to see more improvement in shoulder level than hybrid patients in 2 separate S3I-201 SAQ questions (P = 0.025, Cohen’s D = 0.20; P = 0.013, D = 0.24). The screw patients also tended to have better scores than hybrid patients in the category, “”looking better in clothes”" (P = 0.017, V = 0.24) at 2 years postoperative. All pedicle screw patients self-reported significant greater improvement than hybrid patients in the SRS-30 Appearance and Mental domains (P = 0.016, ES = 0.038; P = 0.005, ES = 0.051). There were no significant differences between cohorts in age, gender, baseline curve, or major curve magnitude.
Conclusion. All pedicle screw constructs lead to better self-assessment of appearance in operative treatment of AIS, as determined by SAQ and SRS-30.”
“Study Design. This is a prospective in vivo study comparing radiation exposure to the surgeon during 10 minimally invasive lumbar microdiscectomy cases with 10 traditional open discectomy cases as a control.