Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) were shown to be as effective
as the other MSCs by their multipotency and proliferative efficiency. However, neither the differentiation of ASCs to tenocytes nor the tendon regeneration using ASCs have been described in literature. Recently, we have studied the effect of ASCs on primary tendon repair in in-vivo model. In this paper, we sought to discuss tendon tissue engineering by focusing on culture of tenocytes, biomaterials, scaffolds, mechanical loading, fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells and mainly on adipose derived stem cells. Tendon regeneration using ASCs might be one of the clinical remedies in near future. In addition, the enhancing effect of ASCs on tendon repair and tendon defects might enable better clinical outcomes in musculoskeletal system reconstruction. IAP inhibitor Advances in biomaterial technology will improve the methodology in tendon regeneration however, up to date, ASCs present an ideal cell source for experimental and clinical research on tendon engineering.”
“Already in the early 1980′s, it has been conjectured that the pulsed ultrasonic polar scan (P-UPS) provides a Wnt pathway unique fingerprint of the underlying mechanical elasticity tensor at the insonified material spot. Until now, that premise has not
been thoroughly investigated, nor validated, despite the opportunities this would create for NDT and materials science in general. In this paper, we report on the first-ever implementation of an inverse modeling technique on the basis of a genetic optimization scheme in order to extract quantitative information from a P-UPS. We validate the optimization approach for synthetic data, and apply it to experimentally obtained polar scans for annealed aluminum, cold rolled DC-06 steel as well as for carbon fiber reinforced plastics. The investigated samples are
plate-like and do not require specific preparation. The inverted material characteristics show good agreement with literature, micro-mechanical models as well as with results obtained through conventional testing procedures.”
“Freshly collected individuals of Orchestia gammarellus from the supralittoral zone of Ghar El Melh lagoon (Northern of Tunisia) were housed in spring in a controlled-environment cabinet. Locomotor activity rhythm of this species was recorded in spring, at a constant temperature of 18 +/- 0.5 degrees C. In Citarinostat supplier the first experiment, juveniles and adults specimens were kept under light-dark cycle in phase with the natural diel cycle. In the two other experiments (males/females and mixed/unmixed groups), individuals of O. gammarellus were maintained under constant darkness. According to double-plotted actograms, waveforms and periodogram analysis, results revealed different locomotor pattern. However, locomotor rhythm of juveniles was more stable than adults. Also, the locomotor activity rhythm of groups was more defined than that of the isolated individuals.