At the Mayo Clinic, country Napabucasin clinical trial of birth and primary language information was available to allow Somali patients to be identified. A control group of age and gender-matched patients was identified from the remaining non-Somali patients. Clinical data such as HCV treatment, reasons for lack of treatment, sustained virologic response (SVR) rates, and laboratory values were collected and the two groups were compared. Results: We identified 145 Somali patients
and 145 non-Somali controls that were age and gender-matched. Although Somali patients were offered treatment at similar rates as non-Somali patients, a larger percentage of them declined treatment (n=24; 17% vs 7; 5%). The most significant barrier to treatment was refusal of liver biopsy (11; 8% vs 1; 1%). Fear of side effects was also treatment limiting for 6% of the Somali patients who were treatment candidates. Overall, 58% of Somali patients who were treatment candidates underwent treatment vs. 75% of non-Somalis. Of the patients that underwent treatment, rates of SVR were similar (26% of Somalis vs 23% of non-Somalis). Although treatment limiting comorbidities were similar in both groups, the non-Somali population had more ongoing alcohol and intravenous drug use. Conclusions: We did not find significant differences in access to treatment, but fewer Somali patients accepted treatment.
The most significant barriers to accepting treatment for Somalis Carfilzomib molecular weight were refusal of a liver biopsy and fear of treatment side effects. When the Somali patients were treated, their rates of SVR were similar to the non-Somali population. It is
essential for healthcare providers to find interventions aimed at reducing the barriers to treatment and increasing acceptance of HCV treatment. In the era of interferon-free regimens and increasing use of noninvasive methods to assess liver fibrosis, we anticipate that Somali patient outcomes will continue to improve. Disclosures: Lewis R. Roberts – Grant/Research Support: Bristol Myers Squibb, ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, BTG, Wako Diagnostics, Inova Diagnostics, Gilead Sciences Mohamed A. Hassan – Speaking and Teaching: GILEAD The following people Tideglusib have nothing to disclose: Esther Connor, Albert Ndzengue, Nasra H. Giama, Jeremiah Menk, Essa A. Mohamed, Saleh Elwir BACKGROUND: Sub-saharan Africa (SSA) is reported to have one of the highest global rates of HCV infection, accounting for nearly 20% of all global cases. However, reports suggesting a high rate of serologic false positive cases have led to uncertainty regarding the true burden of HCV infection in this region. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of prior blood donors at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana to identify appropriate screening strategies and determine rates of active infection.