Few faculty reported overt discrimination; however, more women th

Few faculty reported overt discrimination; however, more women than men perceived gender discrimination in promotion, salary, space/resources,

access to administrative staff, and graduate student/fellow assignment.\n\nConclusions\n\nWork-life and family-life factors served as obstacles to satisfaction and retention of the women faculty studied. Many of these factors reflect challenges attributable to subtle gender bias and the intersection of work and family life. The authors provide examples showing that BKM120 in vivo medical schools can implement policy changes that support faculty who must balance work and family responsibilities. Identification and elimination of gender bias in areas such as promotion, salary, and resource allocation is essential. Acad Med. 2009; 84:87-94.”
“Background: recently, there has been a shift towards

alternative childbirth services to increase access to skilled care during childbirth. Objective: this study aims to assess Rapamycin concentration the past 10 years of experience of the first Safe Delivery Posts (SDPs) established in Zahedan, Iran to determine the number of deliveries and the intrapartum transfer rates, and to examine the reasons why women choose to give birth at a Safe Delivery Post and not in one of the four large hospitals in Zahedan. Design: a mixed-methods research strategy was used for this study. In the quantitative phase, an analysis was performed on the existing data that are routinely collected in the health-care sector. In the qualitative phase,

a grounded theory approach was used to collect and analyse narrative data from in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to their children at the Safe Delivery Posts. Setting: women were selected from two Safe Delivery Posts in Zahedan city in Caspase activation southeast Iran. Participants: nineteen mothers who had given birth in the Safe Delivery Posts were interviewed. Findings: during the 10-year period, 22,753 low-risk women gave birth in the Safe Delivery Posts, according to the records. Of all the women who were admitted to the Safe Delivery Posts, on average 2.1% were transferred to the hospital during labour or the postpartum period. Three key categories emerged from the analysis: barriers to hospital use, opposition to home birth and finally, reasons for choosing the childbirth care provided by the SDPs. Key conclusion and implications for practice: implementing a model of midwifery care that offers the benefits of modern medical care and meets the needs of the local population is feasible and sustainable. This model of care reduces the cost of giving birth and ensures equitable access to care among vulnerable groups in Zahedan. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Comments are closed.