Mutat. Res 2001, 477:7–21.CrossRef 31. Ramsey MR, Sharpless NE: ROS as a tumour suppressor? Nat Cell Biol 2006, 8:1213–1215.CrossRef 32. Richter FL, Cords BR: Formulation of sanitizers and disinfectants. In Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation. Edited by: Block SS. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001:473–487. 33. Haag JR, Gieser RG: Effects of swimming pool water
on the cornea. JAMA 1983, 249:2507–2508.CrossRef 34. Ingram Iii TA: Response of the human eye to accidental exposure to sodium hypochlorite. J. Endodont 1990, 16:235–238.CrossRef 35. Landau GD, Saunders WH: The effect of chlorine bleach on the esophagus. Arch. Otolaryngol Y-27632 chemical structure 1964, 80:174–176.CrossRef 36. Podrez EA, Abu-Soud HM, Hazen SL: Myeloperoxidase-generated oxidants and atherosclerosis. Free Radical Biol. Med 2000, 28:1717–1725.CrossRef 37. Sugiyama S, Kugiyama K, Aikawa M, Nakamura S, Ogawa H, Libby P: Hypochlorous acid, a macrophage product, induces endothelial apoptosis and tissue factor expression: involvement of myeloperoxidase-mediated oxidant in plaque erosion and thrombogenesis. Arterioscl Thromb Vas 2004, 24:1309–1314.CrossRef 38. Xu Q, Lee KA, Lee
S, Lee KM, Lee GSK3235025 mw W-J, Yoon J: A highly specific fluorescent probe for hypochlorous acid and its application in imaging microbe-induced HOCl production. J Am Chem Soc 2013, 135:9944–9949.CrossRef 39. Lou Z, Li P, Song P, Han K: Ratiometric fluorescence imaging of cellular hypochlorous acid based on heptamethine cyanine dyes. Analyst 2013, 138:6291–6295.CrossRef 40. Gai L, Mack J, Liu H, Xu Z, Lu H, Li Z: A BODIPY fluorescent probe with selective response for hypochlorous acid and its application in cell imaging. Sensors Actuat. B: Chem 2013, 182:1–6.CrossRef 41. Wu X, Li Z, Yang L, Han J, Han S: A self-referenced PtdIns(3,4)P2 nanodosimeter for reaction based ratiometric imaging of hypochlorous acid in living cells. Chem Sci 2013, 4:460–467.CrossRef 42. Ritchie CM, Johnsen KR, Kiser JR, Antoku Y, Dickson RM, Petty JT:
Ag nanocluster formation using a cytosine oligonucleotide template. J Phys Chem C 2007, 111:175–181.CrossRef 43. Haynes WM, Lide DR, Bruno TJ: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 2012–2013. Boca Raton: CRC press; 2012. 44. Rutala WA, Weber DJ: HICPAC: Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control (U.S.); 2008. 45. Jackson DS, Crockett DF, Wolnik KA: The indirect detection of bleach (sodium hypochlorite) in beverages as evidence of selleck chemical product tampering. J Forensic Sci 2006, 51:827–831.CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions SC and JY conceived the study and participated in its design and coordination. SP and SC carried out the experiments. SP, SC, and JY drafted the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.