Purpose: We performed a prospective study in adults (n = 33) and

Purpose: We performed a prospective study in adults (n = 33) and children (n = 29) undergoing aHSCT measuring plasma IL-7 and soluble IL-7R (sIL-7R) concentrations between 1 and 12 months after HSCT in order to investigate the link between sIL-7R and clinical events after aHSCT. Results: sIL-7R, but not IL-7, increased

Selleck Vadimezan with time after HSCT in plasma from all patients enrolled in the study. sIL-7R values were higher at 2, 3, and 6 months (p smaller than 0.01) if the donor was a sibling as compared to an unrelated donor. Increased sIL-7R levels were also identified in plasma from patients who were not treated with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG). Low sIL-7R was associated with any grade of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at 2 and 6 months (p = 0.02) and with a positive CMV PCR at 2 months after HSCT (p smaller than 0.05). Patients with cytomegalovirus Selleck SB203580 (CMV) reactivation had increased IL-7 values at 2 and 3 months (p = 0.02) after HSCT. In multivariate analysis, lower sIL-7R levels were associated with acute GVHD (relative hazard (RH): 0.70, p bigger than 0.01) and sibling donors

(RH: 2.23, p = 0.004). Recipients of sibling grafts showed high levels of IL-7 (RH: 1.38, p smaller than 0.05) and bone marrow recipients had low IL-7 levels (RH: 0.73, p = 0.04). Conclusions: Measurement of the sIL-7R/IL-7 axis will help in guided immune monitoring after HSCT and guided interference with sIL-7R may be explored in GVHD management.”
“Context: Lung cancer is the leading cause

of cancer death worldwide. In addition to smoking, a variety of other contributing factors, including viral infection, have been suggested in tumorigenesis. VX-680 order Epstein Barr virus (EBV), which is linked to various malignancies, seems to be a good candidate. Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of EBV with lung carcinomas. Settings and Design: A total number of 90 formalin fixed paraffin embedded lung tissue samples including 48 cases of lung cancers (18 squamous cell carcinomas [SCCs], 18 adenocarcinomas and 12 small cell carcinomas) and 42 non-tumoral samples (control group), were retrieved from the pathology archive. Materials and Methods: Following deoxyribonucleic acid extraction, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed using an EBV-Eph PCR kit. The positive cases were studied immunohistochemically for the expression of EBV-late membrane protein-1 (EBV-LMP-1) in tumoral tissues. Statistical Analysis Used: The t-test and Fisher exact test were used and P smaller than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Five of our cases, including four SCCs and one adenocarcinoma and two control samples showed a positive reaction in PCR. All positive tumoral cases showed diffuse staining with LMP-1 in immunohistochemistry. Conclusions: We found a significant difference in the presence of the EBV genome in cases of lung SCC compared to other lung lesions (P = 0.02).

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