The current review in 2004 reveals that there is no curative ther

The current review in 2004 reveals that there is no curative therapy for aphthous ulcers and all treatment aims in reducing the frequency and pain.18 Amlexanox can be definitely used as the first line of treatment in Rucaparib molecular weight aphthous minor with better results when used in the prodromal

stage but clinically identification of the prodromal stage is not possible in all subjects. Efficacy and safety of the drug is proved in most of the clinical trials but prevention of recurrence needs more evidence to confirm the results of earlier clinical trials. All authors have none to declare. “
“Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), SKI606 is an immunosuppressive disease that results in life-threatening opportunistic infections and malignancies. Despite continuous advances made in antiretroviral therapy, AIDS has become the leading cause of death in Africa and fourth worldwide. The number of people with HIV is increasing at an alarming rate in India and Southeast Asia. The success

of drug treatment is achieved at the cost of life-threatening adverse drug effects, drug–drug interactions and an inconvenience of life-long therapy. Since the disease has stepped into the third decade, there are several treatment experienced patients living either with drug toxicity or facing the threat of treatment failure due to multidrug resistance.1 Moreover there is likelihood of newly infected untreated patients harboring HIV mutants that are already resistant to commonly used antiretroviral drugs.2 As the epidemic continues to ravage the developing world, it becomes increasingly evident that diverse strategies are needed to confront the wide-ranging and complex, social, cultural, environmental and economic contexts in which HIV continues

to spread Idoxuridine must be researched and adopted. Today, interventions to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS throughout the world are as varied as the contexts in which we find them. Today, many research groups are exploring the biodiversity of the plant kingdom to find new and better anti-HIV drugs with novel mechanisms of action. Due to the adverse side effects of most of the chemical analogs used currently, plant derived drugs promise to be a more effective and safe therapy. This review is hence mainly focused on the currently used anti-HIV drugs, its side effects and also on the plant derived biomolecules which promise to be a major promising source of therapy for AIDS patients in the coming future having no or lesser side effects. This review stresses on the importance to focus and develop phytopharmaceuticals with extensive research which could provide a safer and cost-effective approach.

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