The difference in depth of focus was significant only between neg

The difference in depth of focus was significant only between negatively aspheric and spherical IOLs. Asphericity differences up to 20 mu m did not influence depth of focus.”
“Mandevilla sanderi is a plant of tropical origin of great horticultural interest because of its abundant flowering and its persistent foliage. Vegetative propagation requires the removal of leafy branches on selleck the mother

plant to produce cuttings. This loss of biomass must be compensated for by the growth of new branches thanks to the mobilization of reserves within the plant. Lack of knowledge about the physiology of this species therefore makes it necessary to characterize its different organs both at the level of their anatomic organization as well as at the level of their ability to store starch. After histological characterization of the different organs (leaves, stems, and roots), starch reserves were localized by histochemical analysis and quantified by biochemical analysis. HDAC inhibitors cancer Starch grains are mainly found in the parenchymatous cortex, the parenchymatous

pith and xylem parenchyma cells, in tuberous roots and stems, and in the palisade and spongy mesophyll of leaves. In 22-week-old plants, the greatest quantity of starch is found in the leaves, whereas the tuberous roots have the highest concentration. The histological description of the different organs of Mandevilla sanderi and the localization of starch reserves allow us to assess the potential role of the different organs in plant growth and development. In the particular case of mother plant management, it is hoped that this knowledge will make it possible to optimize conditions for removing leafy branches.”
“Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and dark septate endophytic (DSE) fungal colonization of Phragmites australis roots and its relation to plant productivity parameters was investigated in an intermittent karst HIF inhibitor wetland Lake Cerknica (Slovenia) with seasonal water level fluctuations. Mycorrhizal colonization was determined five times in 2008-from

the beginning to the end of the growing season-in three reed stands with large differences in soil parameters and water level changes. AM and DSE colonization varied significantly between sampling plots and during the growing season (7% < frequency < 87%). The flooding of two of the three reed stands decreased mycorrhiza early in the growing season, but further flooding had no additional effect. Levels of DSE colonization were high in the beginning and the end of the growing season, while a peak in AM colonization was observed towards the end. The observed positive in situ correlation between mycorrhizal colonization and P. australis growth parameters does not allow final mechanistic conclusion: both P. australis and mycorrhiza could be beneficial. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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