The distinctive nestlike ZnO structures have provided opportuniti

The distinctive nestlike ZnO structures have provided opportunities for creating more sophisticated structures. Figure  1h,g has clearly demonstrated that it can hold ZnO laminas as a P505-15 datasheet pistil. Then we further place silver nanoparticles or nanoclusters in the center of ZnO nests by electrochemical deposition. Figure  3a shows the SEM image of blank ZnO nests. Figure  3b,c,d show the typical

results of the ZnO nests after the silver deposition at −0.6 V for 1 min. It can be clearly seen that the nanosized silver particles or silver clusters are apt to form in the center of each ZnO nests. Nearly no silver clusters structures or particles were found outside of the nestlike structures. This indicates that the formation of the silver nanostructures exhibits a location-selective property. Namely, the center of ZnO nests is the place where the Ag nanostructures formed facilely, likely because it is close to the surface of the electrode. Figure 3 SEM images of blank ZnO nestlike structures (a)

and Ag-ZnO nestlike heterostructures (b,c,d). The XRD pattern of Ag-ZnO nestlike heterostructures is shown in Figure  4. The Zn(101) and (102) peaks can be observed due to the used Zn foil substrate (JCPDS card number 040831). These (100), (002), (101), and (102) peaks can be indexed to hexagonal wurtzite ZnO (JCPDS card number 361451). The appearance of the Ag(111), (200), and (220) peaks provides evidence that crystalline Ag is formed in the nestlike ZnO, with the (111) peak being especially strong. The three reflection peaks can be indexed to the Ag face-centered

cubic crystal structure compared with the standard JCPDS card (040783). In addition no diffraction peaks from the other crystalline forms are detected. Figure 4 XRD patterns of Ag-ZnO nestlike heterostructures. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the as-synthesized Ag-ZnO nestlike heterostructures together with blank nestlike ZnO as find more a comparison were investigated. As shown in Figure  5, a broad green emission peak centering at around 505 nm is observed in the visible region when the samples are excited at 325 nm. Despite the intensive studies on the green emission of ZnO crystals, its nature remains controversial, and a number of hypotheses have been proposed to explain this emission, such as a singly ionized oxygen vacancy [34], an oxygen antisite defect [35], and a zinc vacancy [36]. We ascribe the green emission at about 505 nm to the singly ionized oxygen vacancy on the surface of ZnO structures. It is obvious that the green emission intensity of the as-synthesized Ag-ZnO nestlike heterostructures decreases when compared with the blank nestlike ZnO. This phenomenon reveals that the Lonafarnib chemical structure decrease of the ionized oxygen defect density on the surface of ZnO nests in the Ag-ZnO nestlike heterostructures is due to the holding Ag nanoparticles in the center of the nestlike ZnO.

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