All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health
Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28 weeks of baby’s gestational age.\n\nResults: We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6 years. We completed 90 follow-up find more interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant buy JIB-04 effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR =
2.73, CI = 1.04, 7.18, p = 0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR = 3.57, CI = 1.13 -11.24, p = 0.029).\n\nConclusions: This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages.”
“Spectroscopic and crystallographic studies reveal that Merocyanine 540 (MC 540), a well-known therapeutically important anionic cyanine dye, interacts with hen egg white lysozyme in
ground state. The formation of the complex is validated by two isosbestic points in absorption spectra of lysozyme with varied concentration of MC 540 and appearance of an isodichroic point in induced CD spectra of MC 540 with lysozyme. The blue shift of fluorescence maximum of lysozyme in presence of MC 540 shows hydrophobic effect on Trp due to complex formation probably Epoxomicin in vitro through cooperative binding. Above 1:3 M stoichiometric ratio (lysozyme:MC 540) an additional fluorescence hump arises because of structural changes in protein, where MC 540 acts as self-denaturant, inducing non-linearity in Stern-Volmer plot. The van’t Hoff isotherms with negative changes in enthalpy at lower concentration and positive changes in entropy for entire concentration range of MC 540 depict the binding forces as hydrogen bonding/van der Waal’s and ionic/hydrophobic respectively. Finally X-ray crystallographic structure of the complex shows that MC 540 adopts two conformations, cis and trans, while it binds to lysozyme.