Furthermore, the properties of FMeC1 could form the basis for further novel amyloid imaging probes. (C) 2011 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a multisystem disorder characterized by renal, hepatic
and pancreatic cyst formation and cardiovascular complications. The MK-1775 cell line condition is caused by mutations in the PKD1 or PKD2 gene. In mice with reduced expression of Pkd1, dissecting aneurysms with prominent media thickening have been seen. To study the effect of selective disruption of Pkd1 in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), we have generated mice in which a floxed part of the Pkd1 gene was deleted by Cre under the control of the SM22 WH-4-023 manufacturer promotor (SM22-Pkd1(del/del) mice). Cre activity was confirmed by X-gal staining using lacZ expressing Cre reporter mice (R26R), and quantitative PCR indicated that in the aorta Pkd1 gene expression was strongly reduced, whereas Pkd2 levels remained unaltered. Histopathological analysis revealed cyst formation in pancreas, liver and kidneys as the result of extravascular Cre activity in pancreatic ducts, bile ducts and in the glomerular Bowman’s capsule. Remarkably, we did not find any spontaneous gross structural blood vessel abnormalities in mice with somatic Pkd1 gene disruption in SMCs or simultaneous disruption of Pkd1 in SMCs and endothelial
cells (ECs). Extensive isometric myographic analysis of the aorta did not reveal differences
in response to KCl, acetylcholine, phenylephrin or serotonin, except Quinapyramine for a significant increase in contractility induced by phenylephrin on arteries from 40 weeks old Pkd1(del/+) germ-line mice. However, SM22-Pkd1(del/del) mice showed significantly reduced decrease in heart rate on angiotensin II-induced hypertension. The present findings further demonstrate in vivo, that adaptation to hypertension is altered in SM22-Pkd1(del/del) mice. Laboratory Investigation (2011) 91, 24-32; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2010.159; published online 20 September 2010″
“Neuroinflammation results in dysregulation of serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus (doR) and is considered to play an important role in the pathophysiology of depression. The aim of the present study was to induce neuroinflammation in a simple doR brain slice model using lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interferon-gamma (IFN gamma), beta-amyloid(1-42) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha and to explore the survival of serotonergic neurons and the expression of the tryptophan degrading enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). Administration of pro-inflammatory stimuli reduced survival of serotonergic neurons in doR slices and increased IDO expression. IFN gamma most potently induced IDO expression, which co-localized with neurons, including serotonergic neurons, but not with microglia or astrocytes. IFN gamma did not induce PI-positive staining in slices, but increased the average nuclei size of IDO-positive cells.