We recommend pedicled omental transposition to reinforce
all thoracic anastomoses. Endoscopic evaluation of significant anastomotic leaks is still warranted. (J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012;144:1146-51)”
“White matter injury and abnormal maturation are thought to be major contributors to the neurodevelopmental disabilities observed in children and adolescents who learn more were born preterm. Early detection of abnormal white matter maturation is important in the design of preventive, protective, and rehabilitative strategies for the management of the preterm infant. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (d-MRI) has become a valuable tool in assessing white matter maturation and injury in survivors of preterm birth. In this review, we aim to (1) describe the basic concepts of d-MRI; (2) evaluate the methods that are currently used to analyse d-MRI; (3) discuss neuroimaging correlates of preterm brain injury observed at term corrected age; during infancy, adolescence IPI-549 in vivo and in early adulthood; and (4) explore the relationship between d-MRI measures and subsequent neurodevelopmental performance.
References for this review were identified
through searches of PubMed and Google Scholar before March 2013.
The impact of premature birth on cerebral white matter can be observed from term-equivalent age through to adulthood. Disruptions to white matter development, identified by d-MRI, are related to diminished performance in functional domains including motor performance, cognition and behaviour in early childhood and in later life.
d-MRI is an effective tool for investigating preterm white matter injury. With advances in image acquisition
and analysis approaches, d-MRI has the potential to be a biomarker of subsequent outcome and to evaluate efficacy of Cobimetinib in vitro clinical interventions in this population.”
“Background. Childhood adversity has been associated with onset of psychosis in adulthood but these studies have used only general definitions of this environmental risk indicator. Therefore, we sought to explore the prevalence of more specific adverse childhood experiences amongst those with and without psychotic disorders using detailed assessments in a large epidemiological case-control sample (AESOP).
Method. Data were collected on 182 first-presentation psychosis cases and 246 geographically matched controls in two UK centres. Information relating to the timing and frequency of exposure to different types of childhood adversity (neglect, antipathy, physical and sexual abuse, local authority care, disrupted living arrangements and lack of supportive figure) was obtained using the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire.