“Virus-induced gene silencing

(VIGS) has been show

“Virus-induced gene silencing

(VIGS) has been shown to be effective for transient knockdown of gene expression in plants to analyze the effects of specific genes in development and stress-related responses. VIGS is well established for studies of model systems and crops within the Solanaceae, Lonafarnib mw Brassicaceae, Leguminaceae, and Poaceae, but only recently has been applied to plants residing outside these families. Here, we have demonstrated that barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV) can infect two species within the Zingiberaceae, and that BSMV-VIGS can be applied to specifically down-regulate phytoene desaturase in the culinary ginger Zingiber officinale. These results suggest that extension of BSMV-VIGS to monocots other than cereals has the potential for directed genetic analyses of many important temperate and tropical crop species.”
“Aim: To determine the views of new house officers (HO) on professional ism and unprofessional behaviour following dismissal AZD6244 in January 2007 of a HO who was caught video-taping

nurses in the shower. Methods: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was administered during new house officers’ orientation. Using a Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree), HO were asked to rank statements regarding teaching and their understanding of professionalism and professional behaviour, role model-clinicians, their response to 3 real-life examples of unprofessional behaviour, and dismissal and Singapore Medical Council (SMC) registration this website of the sacked HO. Participation was voluntary. Results: Twenty-eight out of twenty-nine (96.6%) international medical graduates (IMG) and 84/95 (88%) house officers who graduated from National University of Singapore (NUS) responded. Their median age was 24 years and 63 of them were male. All IMG compared to 63.1 % NUS HO agreed that professionalism was well taught in their medical school (P <0.0001). Majority (82.1 %) of IMG compared to 67.9% NUS HO agreed they had adequate role model-clinicians exemplifying professionalism (P <0.0001). Majority (90.8%) of

the respondents agreed that the sacked HO’s behaviour was not pardonable, a smaller proportion (83.9%) agreed with dismissal but only half (52.7%) agreed that SMC should not register the sacked HO. Conclusion: In this study, only two-thirds of NUS HO felt that professionalism was well taught and they had adequate role models. NUS should review this aspect of medical education. Majority of HO agreed with the dismissal but only half felt the misdemeanour was serious enough for SMC not to register the sacked HO.”
“Background: Increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in psoriasis patients could be due to a greater prevalence of traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors or increased inflammatory disease burden.

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