2 (SD 1.8), which was slightly lower than the pain score obtained at 3-month phone interview follow-up despite these scores being recorded at close time points (Figure
2). One hundred and twenty participants (66%) reported recovery of normal activity within the 3-month follow-up period. The median number of days to recovery of usual activity was 21 (Figure 1B). The mean Neck Disability Index Score at 3 months was 5.4 (SD 6.4). The distribution of activity interference scores at Staurosporine ic50 the 3-month follow-up were skewed, with most participants reporting low levels of interference. The extent of interference was rated ‘not at all’ by 105 (59%) and ‘a little bit’ by 58 (33%) participants (Figure 4). Of the 95 participants who recovered, 21 (22%) reported that they experienced a recurrence of neck pain during the 3-month follow-up period. Baseline variables with significant (p < 0.1) univariate associations with time to recovery from the episode of neck pain were self-rated general health (p = 0.02), duration of neck pain (p < 0.01), SF-12 mental component score (p = 0.01), upper limb pain (p = 0.01),
upper back pain (p < 0.01), lower back pain (p = 0.01), headache (p < 0.01), dizziness (p = 0.02) and smoking (p = 0.08) ( Table 1). Correlation among these variables was weak (r < 0.34). Five variables remained in the final stage of the multivariate model after stepwise regression analysis. these A faster rate of recovery was associated 3-deazaneplanocin A in vivo with having better self-rated general health, shorter duration of symptoms, being a smoker, and not having concomitant upper back pain or headache ( Table 2). Baseline variables with significant univariate associations with higher Neck Disability Index scores at 3 months included age (p = 0.02), g ender (p = 0.05), employment status (p = 0.02), smoking
(p = 0.02), self-rated general health (p < 0.01), duration of neck pain (p = 0.02), Neck Disability Index (p < 0.01), SF-12 physical component score (p = 0.02), SF-12 mental component score (p = 0.03), upper limb pain (p = 0.09), upper back pain (p < 0.01), lower back pain (p < 0.01), headache (p = 0.01), dizziness (p = 0.03), nausea (p = 0.03), past sick leave for neck pain (p < 0.01) and use of medications (p < 0.01), as presented in Table 1. There was moderate correlation between the Neck Disability Index and SF-12 physical component scores (Pearson’s r = −0.48). The Neck Disability Index was considered an easier scale to administer and score in clinical practice and was therefore included in the multivariate analysis. Stepwise regression produced a model describing the association between baseline characteristics and disability at 3 months that accounted for 19% of the variance (F5, 175 = 9.32; p < 0.01). Five variables remained in the final stage of the multivariate model after stepwise regression analysis.